Import and Export

Import and Export

(واردات و صادرات )import & export

An import is goods brought into a jurisdiction, especially across a national border, from an external source. The party bringing in the good is called an importer.An import in the receiving country is an export from the sending country. Importation and exportation are the defining financial transactions of international trade. In international trade, the importation and exportation of goods are limited by import quotas and mandates from the customs authority. The importing and exporting jurisdictions may impose a tariff (tax) on the goods. In addition, the importation and exportation of goods are subject to trade agreements between the importing and exporting jurisdictions. Imported or exported goods are divided into three categories:   Licensed Goods: Goods that do not require licensing to export or enter (currently most goods do not require authorization) Contingent Goods: Goods that can be licensed or imported (such as wheat or flour or books, publications, videos licensed by the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance) Prohibited Goods: Goods that are prohibited from being exported or imported under the sacred law of Islam for the purpose of buying or selling or consuming them or by law. (Alcohol, pork).

Steps to import goods
Step one: Understand the market situation and its needs Imports of goods by importers of goods are in fact a sort of consumer demand for the goods they require, so the importer must identify this need. So the most important questions that importers face are the following
Step Two: What Products Should I Enter? What raw materials and commodities do manufacturers need in order to produce goods? Review and order manufacturers' requirements for raw materials and other goods for this purpose Also consider the following when selecting goods for import - Do not purchase non-standard goods because of low prices - When importing industrial goods, make sure of after-sales service - Examine the reasons for the very low bid price of one seller compared to other sellers - Try to buy from reputable manufacturer representatives nominated by major manufacturers - Before selecting the goods for import, extract the amount of customs duty (commercial interest) on the goods from the Export and Import Regulations Book and calculate the import profit taking into account the import duties.
Step Three: Marketing to Find a Customer To find a customer, you need to start marketing. There are many definitions of marketing. Some have identified marketing as marketing (marketing), which involves understanding the market system and its needs and desires and satisfying them through desirable exchanges. According to Philip Cutler, one of the most prominent experts in this field of marketing is human activity to satisfy needs and desires through the exchange process. This definition has several dimensions that we examine separately. - Needs - Demands - Demands - Goods - Exchange - Trading - Marketing Needs: The most important concept for marketing that is always fundamental in market analysis is human needs, defined as: human need or need. It is a state of emotion that creates deprivation in the individual that causes a feeling of inadequacy and a lack of empathy. Human beings are in great need. Every now and then importers of goods in the country have two ways of finding a customer for their goods. One group of importers first imports the goods and then the customer for their goods, and the second, before importing the goods, contracts with the customer and imports them on a custom basis. The second category will benefit more from imports.
source:google

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