By definition, exports
are a function of international trade whereby goods produced
in one country are shipped to another country for future sale or trade. Exports are a crucial component of a country’s economy, as the sale of such goods adds to the producing nation's gross output.
One of the oldest forms of economic
transfer, exports occur on a large scale between nations that have fewer restrictions on trade, such as tariffs or subsidies. Exported goods are considered zero rated goods. An export in international trade is a good or service produced in one country that is bought by someone in another country. The seller of such goods and services is an exporter; the foreign buyer is an importer. Export of goods often requires involvement of customs authorities. An export's reverse counterpart is an import.
Many manufacturing firmsbegan their global expansion as exporters and only later switched to another mode for serving a foreign market. Exporting refers to sending of goods and services from the home country to foreign country. The ability to export goods helps an economy grow., and most of the largest companies operating in advanced economies derive a substantial portion of their annual revenues from exports to other countries. One of the core functions of diplomacy and foreign policy between governments is to foster economic trade, encouraging exports and imports for the benefit of all trading parties.
According to research giant Statista, in 2017, the world’s largest exporting countries (in terms of dollars) were China, the United States, Germany, Japan, and The Netherlands. China posted exports of approximately $2.3 trillion in goods, primarily electronic equipment, and machinery. The United States exported approximately $1.5 trillion, primarily capital goods. Germany's exports, which come to approximately $1.4 trillion, were dominated by motor vehicles—as were Japan's, which totaled approximately $698 billion. Finally, The Netherlands had exports of approximately $652 billion.